Armand is Director of the Luxembourg Institute for European and International Studies and has published and edited various books on European and international affairs. He was a special Counsellor to the former Prime Minister of Luxembourg Jacques Santer. He was a visiting Professor at Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Max-Planck Institut, Starnberg, at the University of Saarbrucken, as well as Lecturer at the University of Trier. He has published and edited various books on European and international affairs. He is President of the Luxembourg-Harvard Association, and has organised various academic conferences in cooperation with Harvard University. He is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London.