Should Finland and Sweden hold a referendum on NATO membership?

Finland and Sweden look set to declare their readiness to join NATO later this month in time for the alliance summit in Spain at the end of June. However, neither country proposes to hold a referendum on NATO membership, despite both countries doing so prior to EU membership in 1994. This briefing argues that the benefits of using a referendum to settle this decision seem to outweigh the drawbacks, allowing a period of reflection to assess the wider implications for the new and still unfolding European security landscape.

Read more in the attached pdf briefing.