Increasing military activity in the Arctic as demand for oil and gas rises
The Guardian has reviewed a new report Climate Change and International Security: the Arctic as a Bellwether published by the Centre for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) which warns: "Although the pursuit of co-operation is the stated priority, most of the Arctic states have begun to rebuild and modernise their military capabilities in the region. The new military programs have been geared towards combat capabilities that exceed mere constabulary capacity".
It adds: "States such as Norway and Russia are building new naval units designed to engage in high-intensity conflicts. While this capability may be understood as prudent, the ability of rivals to intimidate or subdue with sophisticated weapons systems could, if collegiality falters, undermine diplomacy and stability in the region".